Willem van Nieulandt II, born in Antwerp, is called a “a painter from Holland” in the records of the Antwerp Guild of St. Luke, because he moved from Flanders to Amsterdam at the age of four. He was taught by Roelant Savery in the last years of the sixteenth century, after which he travelled to Rome in the fall of 1601. According to Karel van Mander, Van Nieulandt was a student of Paul Bril in Rome. Like many of his compatriots, he lived in the Via Paulina (nowadays the Via del Babuino), close to the Piazza di Spagna.
Van Nieulandt followed Paul Bril in his paintings, and specialized in Roman street scenes. He is more known for a great number of prints and drawings with urban views of Rome. Numerous prints have been made after his drawings of Roman ruins. After his return to Amsterdam, he was one of the earliest Netherlandish artists working in the North to build a career on depictions of Rome, and as such he is the precursor of the subsequent generation of Dutch Italianate painters. (NT)